Saturday, December 16, 2017

Finding Time to Write During the Holidays


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Visiting family and friends, decorating, shopping for gifts, wrapping the gifts, baking and preparing dinner invitations … you wish the day would have 48 hours.  While Christmas or Hanukkah celebrations seem to find their happiness overdrive this time of year and your schedule is packed – how can you free up time to write? Here are some tips how writing can be included without compromising on holiday joy.

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Select The Type of Writing – Or Just Blog
Most likely you will not have a whole day – or even half a day of uninterrupted writing time. So plan rather:

  • smaller writing tasks
  • writing outlines
  • research work for your books settings
  • or edit single chapters

How about writing a couple of blogs ahead for January? This way you don’t need to worry about content for your web presence and you can even prepare posts and tweets for your Social Media presence with content snippets from your blogs.  Once this is out of your way you can concentrate in January on your current book.
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Plan Your Days / Week Ahead
If there are deadlines looming just after the holidays, make a plan which ones of your regular chores can be postponed or delegated? Think who has more time than you: Your spouse? Your teenage kids? Your parents or parents in law? Maybe they will be happy to bake the cookies, wrap the gifts for you or pick up the younger children from hockey training or school.
Or ask other parents to pool the children’s pickups.  Maybe you can even get a day off from your day job to be alone at home to sit on your computer and be productive until everyone comes home.

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Your Best Hours to Write?
Are you a Morning Bird? Skip your TV time in order to go to bed early and just get up an hour earlier.  While the house is still quiet, have your favored coffee and type away… Vice versa, as a night owl, stop all your tasks an hour or two earlier in the afternoon or evening and find a serene spot to work on your next novel.  Don’t be afraid to cancel cable — here’s how to get all the programs you love to watch – after the holidays. 
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Carry Always Your iPad or a Paper NotePad with You
While waiting for your kids or at a doctors office, or waiting at the airport and even during your lunch hour, you can take notes that you later hammer into your laptop.  I once almost missed my airplane because I was so engrossed in writing an article on my notepad – but in the end, it was one of my best articles.  Should you have to drive long-distance to visit family, bring a dictation program (dictaphone) with headsets or an app for your cell phone so you can continue your book “hands-free”.  “Downtime” adds up too, use it to work on your writing!
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Why not "escape" once in a while on very early mornings (many open at 5am or 6am already) to a coffee shop, put on your earplugs or headset and write?  Keep your writing more or less on track amidst all the turkey gobbling, Christmas cookie noshing and mulled wine drinking, and you won’t feel guilty after the holidays.  Just be a bit more flexible, creative and adaptable. Let’s the holidays begin!


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Monday, November 27, 2017

Syrischer Bürgerkrieg - Kindheit in Trümmern

 
Das SOS-Kinderdorf in Saboura soll 80 Mädchen und Jungen ein Zuhause geben, für die es keine Hoffnung auf eine Rückkehr in ihre Herkunftsfamilie gibt.


Sechs Jahre Krieg in Syrien hinterlassen zerstörte Familien. Traumatisierte Kinder wachsen in Armut und Ruinen auf. SOS-Kinderdorf bietet Kindern und Jugendlichen ein sicheres Zuhause und die Rückkehr zur Normalität. Aber die Arbeit der Helfer ist bedroht.


Länger als der Zweite Weltkrieg:

Der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien dauert seit März 2011 an und ein Ende ist nicht in Sicht. Der IS ist zwar aus seinen urbanen Zentren vertrieben worden, doch die Kämpfe zwischen den verfeindeten Parteien gehen weiter. Das Ausmaß der Gewalt und die Zerstörung von zivilen Einrichtungen wie Krankenhäusern und Schulen hat zuletzt wieder zugenommen.

2,3 Millionen Kinder und Jugendliche sind innerhalb Syriens auf der Flucht, viele von ihnen haben Eltern, Geschwister oder Freunde verloren. Die Kinder werden inmitten von Bomben und Ruinen groß. Gewalt und Zerstörung sind für sie Alltag. Schulbesuche finden unregelmäßig oder gar nicht mehr statt. Viele Kinder müssen schon früh arbeiten und in dieser katastrophalen wirtschaftlichen Situation zum Lebensunterhalt der Familie beitragen. Oft werden sie Opfer von Ausbeutung.


Es fehlen Schulen, Ärzte und Psychologen

SOS-Kinderdorf kämpft mit Nothilfe- und Aufbauprojekten gegen das Leid. Mobile Tanks stellen Trinkwasser für zehntausende Menschen zur Verfügung. Hilfspakete mit Nahrungsmitteln und Medikamenten helfen in der schlimmsten Not. Provisorische Kindertagesstätten bieten Kindern geschützte Räume, in denen sie eine Zeit ohne Zwang und Furcht verbringen. Hier können sie malen, musizieren und spielen. Eine Atempause vom täglichen Leid.


Betreuungseinrichtungen an mehreren Standorten in Syrien wie Aleppo, Tartus und Damaskus kümmern sich um hunderte vom Krieg traumatisierte Kinder. SOS-Mitarbeiter Andreas Papp war im Frühjahr 2017 in Syrien und kennt die Situation vor Ort gut: „Die Kinder haben Schreckliches erlebt, sie brauchen mehr psychologische Unterstützung. Ärzte, Psychologen und pädagogische Fachkräfte haben das Land in großer Zahl verlassen. Wir haben einen großen Mangel an qualifiziertem Personal.“

Von den Eltern bleiben nur Fotos

In dieser dramatischen Situation entsteht südlich von Damaskus in Saboura ein neues SOS-Kinderdorf für 80 Mädchen und Jungen. Es soll Kindern und Jugendlichen ein Zuhause geben, für die es keine Hoffnung auf eine Rückkehr in ihre Herkunftsfamilie gibt.

Zu ihnen zählen die Geschwister Sham, elf Jahre, Nour, neun Jahre, und ihr siebenjähriger Bruder Muhanad. Sie stammen aus Daraja, einer ehemaligen Hochburg der Oppositionellen. Heute ist der Ort vom Krieg verwüstet. Die Mutter starb durch Schüsse, der Vater ist seit langem schwer krank und nicht in der Lage, sich um die Kinder zu kümmern. Dass das SOS-Kinderdorf auf die drei aufmerksam wurde, rettete ihnen das Leben.

In der Region von Saboura finden aktuell keine Kampfhandlungen statt, die Menschen haben zum Alltag zurückgefunden. Die Kinder im neuen SOS-Kinderdorf sind zu acht in einer Familie. Eine geregelte Tagesstruktur mit Frühstück, Schule, Hausaufgaben und Zeit für gemeinsame Ausflüge, Spiel und Sport hilft dabei, neuen emotionalen Halt zu finden. Ärzte haben ein offenes Ohr, Lehrer geben ihnen Selbstvertrauen. Ein Psychologe redet mit den Kindern über ihre inneren Schreckensbilder.

Tagreed, die Kinderdorfmutter, ist immer da und gibt den Geschwistern lang entbehrte menschliche Nähe. Manchmal holen Sham, Nour und Muhanad zwei verblichene Fotos hervor. Sie sind alles, was ihnen von ihrem früheren Leben geblieben ist. Eines zeigt die Familie, als die Mutter noch lebte. Das andere den Vater. Die Erinnerungen sind schmerzlich – aber auch verbunden mit dem Willen, in eine bessere Zukunft zu gehen.

Hoffnung für eine ganze Generation

Projekte wie Saboura sind ein Erfolg, um die Not vor Ort zu bekämpfen. Aber sie existieren bislang nur in geringer Zahl und kommen lediglich einem Bruchteil der Betroffenen zugute. Für die Arbeit ist SOS-Kinderdorf auf finanzielle Unterstützung angewiesen.

„Es ist unser aller Aufgabe dafür zu sorgen, dass aus den syrischen Kindern und Jugendlichen von heute keine verlorene Generation von morgen wird“, sagt Dr. Kay Vorwerk, Vorstandsvorsitzender von SOS-Kinderdorf e.V.

„Wir brauchen geschulte Menschen, die die Kinder liebevoll und dauerhaft begleiten und ihnen helfen, ihre Traumata zu verarbeiten.“
Mit den Spenden werden deshalb nicht nur Unterkunft, Nahrung und Kleidung für die Mädchen und Jungen in Saboura bezahlt. SOS-Kinderdorf engagiert sich auch dafür, pädagogische und medizinische Fachkräfte für den Umgang mit schwer traumatisierten Kindern auszubilden.

SOS-Kinderdorf ist ein unabhängiges, nichtstaatliches und überkonfessionelles Kinderhilfswerk, das weltweit aktiv ist. Die Hilfsorganisation hat es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, bedürftigen Kindern, Jugendlichen und ihren Familien zu einem besseren Leben zu verhelfen.

Die Hilfsprojekte sind langfristig angelegt. Eine regelmäßige Unterstützung, wie etwa eine SOS-Patenschaft, ermöglicht es, die Arbeit von SOS-Kinderdorf sinnvoll und nachhaltig zu fördern. 


Wie Sie Helfen Können:


Rund 6,5 Millionen syrischer Kinder sind auf humanitäre Hilfe angewiesen.





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Sunday, October 8, 2017

TRAUMBERUF PILOT?

Traumberuf Pilot? Piloten Ausbildung, Jobsuche und Berufsalltag
Doris Daily - in deutscher Sprache - Piloten in Europa 




Pilotenkarriere-Berufsalltag-Piloten-Ausbildung-Airline-Adressen

Einer der beliebtesten Berufsziele kritisch beleuchtet…
Im Ratgeber TRAUMBERUF PILOT finden Sie all diese Informationen in Deutscher Sprache.

Diese "Bibel für angehende Piloten” geht nicht nur auf die europäische Piloten-Ausbildung und die Berufsmöglichkeiten ein, sondern will auch die weltweiten Perspektiven aufzeigen.
  • Berufschancen, Einsatzmöglichkeiten für Berufspiloten
  • Ausbildungskosten,
  • Flugtraining Weltweit, 
  • Gehälter, Arbeitsbereiche und Pilotenalltag,
  • DLR Pilotentest-Vorbereitungskurse,
  • ein komplettes Adressenverzeichnis von europäischen Luftfahrt Ausbildungsbetrieben und Luftverkehrsgesellschaften für die PilotenJobsuche.

Traumberuf Pilot? 
ISBN Electronic book
978-1-988664-04-0
ISBN Print book
978-1-988664-03-3

Erhältlich im Buchhandel, Online z.B. bei Weltbild, Thalia und Amazon


WELTBILD / THALIA / TOLINO

KOBO


Der “Traum vom Fliegen”
beeinflusst den Berufswunsch vieler junger Frauen und Männer. Erstmals haben sie nun die Möglichkeit, detaillierte und objective Hintergrundinformationen zu ihrer Berufswahl und den vielfältigen Ausbildungswegen weltweit zu finden.
Das Buch Traumberuf Pilot? gliedert sich in drei Bereiche:

Im ersten Teil werden die Einsatzmöglichkeiten für Berufspiloten erklärt und der Berufsalltag beschrieben. Vom Nachtfrachtpiloten über den Executive-Flieger bis hin zum Langstreckenpilot berichten Cockpit-Crews über ihren Arbeitsbereich und den Pilotenalltag.



Der zweite Abschnitt beschreibt Ausbildungswege in Europa nach den neuesten europäischen Ausbildungsvorschriften, den JAR-FCL’s, aber auch den vielen Ausbildungsmöglichkeiten in Canada, Australien, Süd Afrika und den USA - inklusive der Umschreibemodalitäten beschrieben.

Es wird ausführlich auch auf die Ausbildung “ab initio” - die durchgehende Ausbildung - oder die Kombination mit einem Studium eingegangen.

Im letzten Teil werden Berufschancen besprochen, DLR Pilotentest-Vorbereitungskurse erklärt, Ausbildungskosten aufgelistet, Gehälter - weltweit - benannt (gemäß den aktuell zur Verfügung stehenden Informationsquellen), Möglichkeiten der Jobsuche aufgezeigt.  Dazu gibt es eine umfassende Adressenliste für Ihre Bewerbung - inclusive der derzeit eingesetzten Fluggeräte von europäischen Airlines und Luftfahrtunternehmen.  Zahlreiche Bewerbungs- und Vorstellungstips vervollständigen das Werk.

Im Anhang wird der Luftfahrtjargon entschlüsselt und Abkürzungen werden erklärt, sowie zahlreiche Suchmöglichkeiten für die weitere Online Recherche für den Leser aufgelistet.





Für dieses ausführliche, und alle Aspekte der Berufsfliegerei umfassende Informationswerk waren jahrelange Recherchen und zahllosen Interviews notwendig.  Eigene Erfahrungen als Berufspilotin und Fluglehrerin runden die Informationen ab.  Vor- und vor allem Nachteile dieser Luftfahrtberufe  werden detailliert beschrieben.


Arbeitsbereiche und der Berufsalltag von Airline- und Helikopterpiloten, Executive-Flieger, Testpiloten und Fluglehrer werden in Erlebnisberichten aus der Luftfahrt dargestellt.

Anforderungen der Flugschulen, Ausbildungswege, Marktchancen, ein komplettes Adressenverzeichnis von europäischen Ausbildungsbetrieben und Luftverkehrsgesellschaften, sowie Tips zur Vorbereitung auf den Einstellungstest bei der DLR und die Stellensuche sollen künftigen PilotInnen bei der Entscheidungsfindung helfen. Ein umfangreicher Index erleichtert die Suche und das Vertiefen einzelner für Piloten interessanter Themen.

Dank der JAR FCL sind die europaweit die Lizenzen weitgehend vereinheitlicht, sodass nicht nur (künftige) Piloten in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz von diesem Buch profitieren, sondern auch deutschsprachige Luftfahrt Enthusiasten aus allen anderen europäischen Ländern.




Um den Lesern einen objektiven Leitfaden an die Hand zu geben, wurden natürlich auch besonders die weniger positiven Seiten des Berufes detailliert aufgezeigt.  Diese "Bibel für angehende Piloten” geht nicht nur auf die europäische Piloten-Ausbildung und die Berufsmöglichkeiten ein, sondern will auch die weltweiten Perspektiven aufzeigen.


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Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Work Concentration & Relationships




Author Charlayne Grenci writes:

"Are you an author, composer, artist, attorney or college student? Have you or anyone you know, had to end a relationship because of your career, study course or profession? 

Are you, or were you the partner or spouse of someone who broke up with you because you gave them serious conflicts because of their work? If your answer is 'yes' to any question above, I hope you will keep reading. I mentioned a few examples of work that are pertinent to this subject, but there are many other occupations/work which is directly connected to what I will be talking about.

Privacy for Concentration = Isolation and Seclusion 

There are many careers and professions where an individual's work requires the utmost of concentration or seclusion, either part-time or on a full-time basis. 

The author, artist, composer, attorney and college student come to my mind at the top of the list for the main reason - these positions demand, and I will say this once again, 'demand' extensive, suitable concentration! 

As I see it, it is extremely difficult if not impossible, for a person to create such an atmosphere in which to achieve enough privacy that will guarantee the amount of time needed to sanction extensive concentration.

Isolation or Seclusion

For those of you who have work that does not require intense and extensive amounts of isolation/seclusion, you may struggle to understand the enormity of this issue. I will expound on my personal experience as an author and how it has impinged on a few of my relationships.

I need hours, sometimes days or weeks of isolation to stay in a headset to compose. I can't be subjected to someone's emotional baggage and their constant need to keep in touch with me. I have what is called the highly creative, artistic brain. As an author, I compose. The only way I can be successfully productive is to be left alone and not disturbed. 


I must grapple inside my head with streams of thoughts and ideas. I wear earplugs and lock myself in a room for hours to write. Any interruption, examples: phone rings, dog barks, someone knocks at the door, a loud noise outside can knock me instantaneously off my game. 

I may leave the house to workout at the gym, have dinner with a friend or go shopping, but my head stays in a writing mode. Only a partner with constant emotional needs can interrupt my thought process. In the past, I have gone into lengthy 'writer's block' on several occasions caused by partners who don't give me my required space and separation. I will not permit that again.

Excentric?
Some people think authors (literary composers) and composers (music, legal briefs, etc.) are eccentric and absurd to insist on isolation to produce, but that's the magic formula for most individuals to be able to be productive. You've heard that authors and composers have often detached themselves from society, family or a partner to escape to a remote cabin in the woods, locked away in an attic or taken off for parts unknown to find a remote hotel room where no one knows them. There is an insightful reason for this. 


Bottom line: isolation, and seclusion are mandatory for most authors and composers to create and produce a product.

I for one have found that people do not understand the gravity of this matter. Many people don't respect professions/work that isn't outside the home or with a weekly paycheck. If you're working at home, then you must be available to talk on the phone and be interrupted any time of the day or night. Wrong! Here we go with "relationship destroyers".


If your work requires isolation or seclusion for hours or days, maybe weeks on end, then you must be with someone who supports your needs. If your partner or spouse 'expects', (here we go with expectations) you to answer the phone, text, visit and/or communicate with them every time they decide to call, etc., then you will find yourself in a no-win situation. 


Most people cannot handle, not having your undivided attention. 

Whether their personal issues are based on an imagined jealousy, deep-seeded insecurities or abandonment, you will not be able to deal with that their perpetuation of negative, mind-boggling and manipulative influences. Pressure, anxiety and emotional drama from a partner or spouse will surely disrupt your mindset, temporarily trash your train of thought and eventually destroy your relationship.

As an author, composer, or any other profession that requires indelible concentration, you owe it to yourself and your career to demand the separation and isolation you require when, where and for as long as you require it, to get the job done. If your partner, spouse or even a friend, cannot handle your basic needs for your work, you are with the wrong person and so are they. Do not compromise your work for a relationship of any kind. It is unhealthy and unproductive.


Relationships may come and go, but you 'are' your work and that's permanent. People who are hurt, insulted or angry when you don't answer the phone nor don't text back after you have explained you are going to be extremely busy... that is their personal problem, do not make it yours. Your only responsibility to another person is to explain your situation and inform them of when you will need that privacy. If they persist, walk away. Enjoy your privacy!"


Conclusion:
People must respect you and your work at all times. This is just one perspective, my perspective of why it's difficult to main a successful relationship and how the emotions involving "expectations" can be a relationship destroyer. 


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I welcome your opinions and reviews of my books!
My latest 3 books on my author page:
https://www.amazon.com/Charlayne-Gren... 

BEHIND CLOSED DOORS - Detective Fly on the Wall

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B06Y6DP5JY/

Meet Dr. Charlayne Grenci’s @ Her Goodreads Page

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/16269862.Charlayne_Grenci


Sex & Crime in DC - A Politician EXPOSED
http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/a-pol...


See how easy it is to send one of my eBooks as a GIFT to a friend, just click on “Give as a Gift” on Amazon 

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B06Y6DP5JY/



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Tuesday, September 26, 2017

How Vets Take Advantage of Pet Owners





I hate to be taken advantage of by veterinaries. 
It’s been since I had to bring my dog to an “Emergency Clinic” because our vet had decided to go home an hour earlier.  Several dog/cat owners were waiting in this clinic in Ottawa.  We wanted to have our dog seen right away as he had urine bleedings during the whole afternoon.  But to jump the line we would have to spend $400, instead of the much “cheaper” fee of only $250.  As we had no other options - it was already 7pm - we decided to wait.  And so we waited and waited and waited… for almost 2 hrs in this “Emergency”.

Bentley, our dog, had stopped bleeding when we saw the vet finally.  He could not find anything and offered to have the animal in his clinic for 24 - 48 hours at the cost of $1,200.  Just to be sure, he is fine…  No Thanks!

We went the next morning to another vet, where we paid $70 for seeing the dog, and got a prescription for an antibiotic that cost $80.  A research on Google found the same for $36.

Years later, Bentley was not well and I dragged him to another vet, who insisted in having blood tests done.  For the visit and the blood tests - which did not find any negative results - I paid $550.

On top of that, they did not inform me about the result of the tests, until I threatened them with pulling my payment. I  was promised to receive an email the very next day with the results.  I had to send them reminders for several days until I got the blood test results. However, they sent me advertisements for a couple of months, until I reported them for spam.

Yesterday, I had to go to a vet again as Bentley’s face was severely swollen on one side. I suspected a dental infection - which the vet figured out too. He offered me an appointment for the next week.  I cautiously asked him about the cost. His answer was an amount of $600 at least to pull the tooth, make an X-ray before and sedate the dog.

This cost estimate meant FOUR TIMES the amount I had paid just last week to have the same done by my dentist.  I also got two shots, an X-ray and got a tooth pulled - on the same spot my dog has problems now, a grinder tooth.
I thanked the vet and he handed me for the “meantime” a bottle with 42 capsules of Clindamycin, an antibiotic, for a “bargain” price of only $32.  At any other drugstore, I would have paid $25 for 60 capsules.  But I was lucky that the vet raised the price only by a third more than the drugstore…

Clindamycin 150mg Capsules
Product ID: *CLINDA150
Generic Equivalent To Cleocin
Price: $25.20 for 60 capsules

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Friday, April 14, 2017

12 Ways to Simplify Your Life

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Courtesy of: NetCredit
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Saturday, April 1, 2017

Airline Pilot - a Dream Job?




Pilots are highly trained professionals who either fly airplanes or helicopters to carry out a wide variety of tasks. Most are airline pilots, Co-Pilots, and flight engineers who transport passengers and cargo.

But one out of five pilots is a commercial pilot - involved in tasks such as dusting crops, spreading seed for reforestation, testing aircraft, flying passengers and cargo to areas not served by regular airlines, directing fire-fighting efforts, tracking criminals, monitoring traffic, and rescuing and evacuating injured persons.

Generally, the most experienced pilot, the captain, is in command and supervises all other crew members. The pilot and the Co-Pilot, often called the first officer, share flying and other duties, such as communicating with air traffic controllers and monitoring the instruments.

Some large aircraft have a third pilot, the flight engineer, who assists 
the other pilots by monitoring and operating many of the instruments and systems, making minor inflight repairs, and watching for other 
aircraft. The flight engineer also assists the pilots with the company-, air traffic control, and cabin crew communications.




New technology 
can perform many flight tasks, and virtually all new aircraft now fly with only two pilots, who rely more heavily on computerized controls.”

Before departure, pilots plan their flights carefully. They thoroughly check their aircraft to make sure that the engines, controls, instruments, and other systems are functioning properly. They also make sure that baggage or cargo has been loaded correctly. They confer with flight dispatchers and aviation weather forecasters to find out about weather conditions en route and at their destination.

Based on this in
formation, they choose a route, altitude, and speed that will provide the safest, most economical, and smoothest flight.  When flying under instrument flight rules — procedures governing the operation of the aircraft when there is poor visibility — the pilot in command, or the company dispatcher, normally files an instrument flight plan with air traffic control so that the flight can be coordinated with other air traffic.

Take-off and landing are the most difficult parts of the flight, and require close coordination between the pilot and first officer. For example, as the plane accelerates for takeoff, the pilot concentrates on the runway while the first officer scans the instrument panel.

To calculate the speed they must attain to become airborne, pilots consider the altitude of the airport, outside temperature, weight of the plane, and speed and direction of the wind. 

The moment the plane reaches takeoff speed, the first officer informs the pilot, who then pulls back on the controls to raise the nose of the plane. Pilots and first officers usually alternate flying each leg from takeoff to landing.

Unless the weather is bad, the flight itself is relatively routine.  Airplane Pilots, with the assistance of an autopilot and a flight management computer, steer the plane along their planned route and are monitored by the air traffic control stations they pass along the way. 
They regularly scan the instrument panel to check their fuel supply; the condition of their engines; and the air conditioning, hydraulic, and other
systems. Pilots may request a change in altitude or route if
circum
stances dictate. For example, if the ride is rougher than expected, pilots may ask air traffic control if pilots flying at other altitudes have
reported better conditions; if so, they may request an altitude change.
This procedure also may be used to find a stronger tailwind or a weaker
headwind to save fuel and increase speed. 




In contrast, because he
licopters are used for short trips at relatively low altitude, helicopter pilots must be constantly on the lookout for trees, bridges, power lines, transmission towers, and other dangerous obstacles. 

Regardless of the type of aircraft, all pilots must monitor warning
de
vices designed to help detect sudden shifts in wind conditions that can
cause crashes.  Pilots must rely completely on their instruments when
visibility is poor.  On the basis of altimeter readings, they know how
high above ground they are and whether they can fly safely over
mountains and other obstacles. 

Special navigation radios give pilots precise information with the help of special maps, tells them their exact position.  Other very sophisticated equipment provides directions to a point just above the end of a runway and enables pilots to land completely without an outside visual reference.

Once on the 
ground, pilots must complete records on their flight and the aircraft maintenance status for their company and the FAA.

The number of non-flying duties that pilots have depends on the
em
ployment setting. Airline pilots have the services of large support
staffs and, consequently, perform few non-flying duties. However, be
cause of the large numbers of passengers, airline pilots may be called
upon to coordinate handling of disgruntled or disruptive passengers.

Pilots employed by other organizations, such as charter operators or
businesses, have many other duties. They may load the aircraft, handle
all passenger luggage to ensure a balanced load, and need to supervise
re-fuel
ing; other nonflying responsibilities include keeping records, scheduling flights, arranging for major maintenance,and performing minor
aircraft maintenance and even repairs.

Some pilots are flight instructors.  
They teach their students in ground school classes, in simulators, and in dual controlled planes and helicopters.  A few specially trained pilots are examiners or check pilots. They periodically fly with other pilots or pilot’s license applicants to make sure that they are proficient.

Working Conditions: Because of FAA regulations, airline pilots, flying
large aircraft, cannot fly more than 100 hours a month or more than 
1,000 hours a year.  Usually, airline pilots fly an average of 75 hours
a month and work an additional 75 hours a month performing non-
flying duties. 



Most pilots have a variable work schedule, working 
several days on, then several days off. Most spend a considerable amount of time away from home because the majority of flights involve overnight layovers. When pilots are away from home, the airlines provide hotel accommodations, transportation between the hotel and airport, and an allowance for meals and other expenses.

Airlines operate flights at all hours of the day and night, so work schedules often are irregular. Flight assignments are based on seniority. An airline seniority number is normally assigned to a pilot on completion
of training. The sooner pilots are hired, the lower their seniority num
ber, the stronger their bidding power.

Commercial pilots also may have 
irregular schedules, flying 30 hours one month and 90 hours the next.  Because these pilots frequently have many nonflying responsibilities, they have much less free time than do airline pilots.  Except for corporate flight department pilots, most commercial pilots do not remain away from home overnight.  But, they may work odd
hours.  However, if the company owns a fleet of planes, pilots may fly
a regular schedule. 



Flight instructors may have irregular and seasonal 
work schedules, depending on their students’ available time and the weather. Instructors frequently work in the evening or on weekends.
Airline pilots, especially those on international routes, often experience
jet lag—fatigue caused by many hours of flying through different
time zones. To guard against pilot fatigue, which could result in unsafe
flying conditions, the FAA requires airlines to allow pilots at least 8
hours of uninterrupted rest in the 24 hours before finishing their flight duty. 

Commercial pilots face other types of job hazards. The work of Testpilots who check the flight performance of new and experimental planes, may be dangerous. Pilots who are crop-dusters may be even exposed to toxic chemicals and barely ever have the benefit of a regular landing strip. Helicopter pilots involved in rescue and police work may be subject to personal injury.

Although flying does not involve much physical effort, the mental
stress of being responsible for a safe flight, regardless of the weather,
can be tiring.  Pilots must be alert and quick to react if something goes
wrong, particularly during takeoff and landing.



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Thursday, March 16, 2017

Fair Use: Myths and Facts



Fair Use Myths & Facts
Many myths persist about fair use, an essential right that allows the use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder under certain circumstances. We debunk some of the most common fair use myths here.

Myth: Fair use is a defense, or minor exception, not a right.
Fact: Fair use is a right that accommodates the First Amendment.
Fair use is a right explicitly recognized by the Copyright Act.1 The Supreme Court has recognized this right as a “First Amendment safeguard” because copyright law might otherwise constrict freedom of speech.

Myth: Copyright’s primary purpose is rewarding authors and not promoting the public benefit.
Fact: The US Constitution clearly states that the purpose of the intellectual property system is to “promote the progress of science and the useful arts.”
The Supreme Court has repeatedly stressed that the intellectual property system must support the Constitutional rationale and, “The immediate effect of our copyright law is to secure a fair return for an ‘author’s’ creative labor. But the ultimate aim is, by this incentive, to stimulate artistic creativity for the general public good.”2 Fair use promotes this rationale by ensuring works can be used for a variety of purposes.

Myth: Where a specific limitation or exception exists under copyright law, fair use does not apply.
Fact: Fair use is a right that exists in addition to specific exceptions.
While specific exceptions provide certainty for particular activities or apply where fair use does not, the fair use doctrine remains an important right that is flexible and responsive to new technologies and developments, as confirmed by courts.3

Myth: There is no guidance on fair use. 
Fact: The statute, numerous court decisions, and best practices provide ample guidance.
Section 107 of the Copyright Act lays out four factors and also includes a non-exhaustive list of purposes that may be fair use. A multitude of court decisions also provide direction on fair use, particularly with respect to whether a use is transformative and therefore more likely to be considered fair use. Best practices,4 often grounded in court decisions, similarly provide helpful guidance by summarizing the best practices of a particular community.
1. Section 108(f)(4) of the Copyright Act specifically references “the right of fair use as provided by section 107.”
2. Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Television Services Co., 499 U.S. 340 (1991).
3. See, e.g., Authors Guild v. HathiTrust. The Second Circuit rejected the claim that Section 108 renders fair use inapplicable because of the plain language of the statute.
Additionally, it found the creation of accessible format works for the print disabled was fair use and, as a result, “we need not consider” whether the activity was
permissible under Section 121.
4. Codes of best practices have been created for a variety of communities and purposes. For numerous examples, see Center for Media & Social Impact, “Best Practices,”
accessed January 19, 2017, http://archive.cmsimpact.org/fair-use/best-practices.


Myth: Fair use is only permitted where the use is non-commercial. 
Fact: Courts have upheld fair use for commercial entities and commercial uses in a wide range of cases.
The commercial nature of the use is only one factor for the court to consider. Google, West Publishing, the NFL, and Sony are just a few examples of commercial entities that have prevailed in court cases by relying on fair use.

Myth: Fair use is a US doctrine that breaks from international law and practice.
Fact: Fair use or fair dealing is a doctrine widely incorporated around the world.
The concept of fair use or fair dealing is not unusual or an outlier; fair use or fair dealing exists in more than 40 countries. Both doctrines allow the use of copyrighted materials without permission from the copyright holder under certain circumstances.

Myth: Fair use is a new idea that did not appear in US copyright law until 1976.
Fact: Fair use has a long history and the 1976 Copyright Act simply codified a common law practice.
The Copyright Act codified the four factors derived from Justice Joseph Story’s opinion in the 1843 case, Folsom v. March. However, the doctrine’s origins date back much farther and can be traced back to English caselaw from the 1740s.

Myth: Digitization without authoriza- tion is not fair use. Fair use does
not permit full-text copying.
Fact: Numerous circuits have upheld mirror-image copies as transforma- tive and applied fair use.
The purpose of the digitization of the work is important in making a fair use determination. Numerous courts have found that digitization of a work and ingestion into a database for purpose of search is a quintessentially transforma- tive use.5

Myth: Fair use prohibits any uses that have an effect on the market.
Fact: Fair use is a flexible standard and all four statutory factors are considered together.
The four factors “are to be explored and weighed together, in light of copyright’s purpose.”6 It is not necessary to prevail on each of the four factors for a successful fair use claim. Furthermore, at least one court has determined that the market to be considered is the traditional market for the work and the relevant question is market substitution.7

Myth: Fair use is too uncertain and risky.
Fact: Fair use is a fairly predictable doctrine.
A 2009 study concluded, “Fair use is both more coherent and more predictable than many commentators have perceived once one recognizes that fair use cases fall into common patterns.”8
  1. Many courts have held—both in terms of digitization as well as reprinting—that full copying is permissible under certain circumstances, including in the Second Circuit (Authors Guild v. Google, Authors Guild v. HathiTrust, Bill Graham Archives v. Dorling Kindersley), the Fourth Circuit (A.V. v. iParadigms, LLC), and the Ninth Circuit (Perfect 10 v. Amazon and Kelly v. Arriba Soft).
  2. Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569 (1994).
  3. Authors Guild v. HathiTrust, 755 F.3d 87 (2d Cir. 2014). 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Sunday, March 12, 2017

Winter Blooms in Florida





Spanish explorers named the new-found part of North America “Pascua Florida”, which means Flowery Easter" or "Flowering Easter”.  It is not only flowering in Florida on Easter, but all year-round!  




Wintertime is never bleak in Florida, even in the North-West, around the “Emerald Coast” and the “Forgotten Coast”, between Pensacola and Apacicola.




Here are just a couple impressions, photos I took between November and the end of February.




More plants can be found in the lovely botanical gardens in Florida, such as the one in Sarasota, New Smyrna, Pensacola or Clearwater.  To visit garden centers is a blast too! They are chockfull of lovely blooms that we can only admire in the North between June and September.




Last but not least it’s interesting to see abundant blooms and shrubs that are growing in the wild, and usually sold for top dollars in Canada and the Northern States.  

















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